so much of what the world is like today was shaped by history. without some of humanitys greatest embaresments and faliers the world could be a very different place. it is from theses events that we as a species evolve and luarn, so if we were to forget the lessons of the past we are in danger of repeating things that we would rather not relive. Gattaca, a 1997 film by andrew niccol, is set in the “not so distant future” where the value of a person is determined by the validity of there genetic code, there DNA. but strangly, the future seems to be the past, for everythin, from the style of clothing and hair, to the cars they drive, to the buildings they live in, are refrences to the early twentyeth centuyr. some may say that this is unintenanal but those who look closly know better. the reacurring theam of the past paired with the fact that gattaca is a dystopian film (meaning that it is trying to convay a warning) tells us that there is a greater meaning behind andrew niccols choices. after studying the film one can deduce that each visual trigger to the past is refering to an event in history, events that were crutial in the formation of the socity we live in today such as the idea of eugenics, the modernist era, the civil rights movement, and the space race. andrew niccol is giving us a warning, a warning that if we are to employ genetic selection on the general public some of these events will repeat themselves, and he is doing this by relating the world of Gattaca to the early twentieth centyry which causes his audeance to draw subcounsious links in there minds between genetic selectionin in gattaca to historical events that we would much rather forget

in the early 20th centyry there was an idea curculating in the sientific communty that was getting a lot of attention. this idea or pholosiphy said that since even the weakest amoung us could live to the age of reproduction, the natural process of evelution was being disrupted meaning that those in power sould take action in order to prevent unwanted genes being passed on. this idea was called eugeneics. the idea sterted out inesent enough but soon enough it was adopted by the newly formed natzi germany and was used to justify some of the most horrific war crimes in history. hitler and his men commited mass murder, ending the lives of hundreds of thousands of people who were deemed to have unwanted genetics. the people targeted included homosexuals, giptsys, people of dark skin, and most severly, the jews. in gattaca the socity uses genetic selection not all that different from eugenics, in fact the form of gentic selection used in the movie is often refered to as new eugenics. andrew niccol is despratly trying to form links between the world of gattaca and the use of eugenics in natzi germany for a coerlation beween theses two things is sure to make an impretion on any veiwer and warn them to ster clear of genetic selection. niccol does this by dressing the charecters in the very formal, very clean, double brested suits assosiated with that time and era. he also chose actors who displayed the text book “aryan” look. the aryan race is the master race, the race that is superior to all others, or at least it was in hitlers eyes. one of the aims of hitlers mass genicide was to purify gemanys population and to make all sure that all the people displayed aryan charicteristics. the perfect aryan person is often assosiated with blond hair, and blue eyes and althoght theses things were valued in an aryan they are not the main things that hitler looked for in his citezens. it was fair skin, chizled jaw lines, and strong chins that were what hitler was striving to. to enfisize the link to natzi germany niccole choses for the actors that played the main charicters to display theses tell tail charicteristics. the distinctive aryan look of the charicters who were suposed to have superior genetics causes the viewer to form visual connections to the way such people were raised above others in the past and the terrible out come this had.

after the second world war a feeling of hopelessness swept the world. this feeling materialised in sociaty through the modernist movement. modernisam was a way of being that followed the belife that everything should be feduced to its fundemental function and that anything that was not for a perpouse was unnessasery and should be removed. modernisam allowed the rebuild after the war to be faster for many builddings could be pre fabricated offsight and were simpil and had no extra bits just for look. this resulted in many buildings from the early twentyeth century being made of subsatnces like concreat and having exposed truses, no paint and so on. if one plays attention to the buildings in gattaca they will notice that all the buildings showen are modernist. the use of modernist arcatecture in gattaca renforces the 1940s feel of the movie and also draws attention to the way people in gattaca have been reduced to there fundimental function just like the buildings. just like the buildings, everything that makes the people individuals, everything that is unnessasery to there primary function, everything that makes them human, is taken away. this leaves us with people who lack emotion, warmth and ambition.

in early twenteth century america people of color were struggleing against supresing and discrimitive prejidices. the law said discrimination was iligal but that did not stop common people and politions alike from hosting racist views. black people were ristricted from working many jobs, entering certain buildings, useing ficilitys reserved for white people. the discrimination of black people was fuled by the belife of many white people that they were superior, that they had better genetics. in gattaca the discrimination faced by invalids is simaler to that of black people in america in the 1930s. just like the blacks invalads are resticted from jobs, kiked out of suposidly public places and treated like second class citezens all thanks to that fact that they are deemed to have insuperior DNA to the valads. the link between gattaca and the cival rights era is showen throug visuals like the style of clothing worn by invalids who are forced into cleaning jobs because there genetics wont allow them anything better and just like in the past, the discrimanation of invalads is against the law. the loose blue jumpsuits they wear have a distinctive resemblence to something you may see a black person wearing in the 1930s. anouther visual referance to cival rights is the black geneticist. at the start of the movie we see the protaginists perants visiting a geneticist who was engenereeing there second son. when listing the pysical charictristics of the unbore baby he says ‘fair skin’ in an ironic tone. the geniticists subtle smerk is enough to show us that niccol is intentualy trying to show his audeance the link between the discrimanation of blacks and the discrimination of invalads. he is warning people that genetic selection will cause the emergance of a new underclass of people who are concidered to be geneticly insuperior.

it is human nature to want to be better than your enemys but in the early twentieth centyry this persute of exellence was taken to the next level by the USA and the soviate union. in an effort to have the most nuclier weapons in order to accheive MAD (mutraly assured distruction) both countrys spent billions on developing such weapons. the cold war had devistating effects on the mental state af citezens who were always living in a state of fear, affraid of a seminly imminent nuclier war. anouther thing they fought over was space exploration. the moon was seen as a prize of sorts to the contestants and neither wanted the other to get there first. this compition was not nessesary in the well being of eather nation but was solely done with the perpose of being better. in gattaca we see a constant stream of rockets being sent up into space. we are no told why, or were they are going but they are a direct referance to the space race. by doing this niccol is compering the persute of exellence experianced by citezens of the gattaca sociaty to that of the space race. just like in the space race, the genetic selection in gattaca is not nessesary but is done in order for ones child to be better than the rest and to keep up. by doing this andrew niccol is causing his audeance to reminis of the cold war which was very unplesent.

some of the biggest lessons tought to us by history involve horrific violence. it is through violence and suffering that we learn. but what is it that we learn acctualy? not to be violent? not to do bad things? or is it something deeper. morals are the things that give our sociaty structure, that prevent everything from decending into maddness. in historys greatest lessons such as the holocost and eugenecs, the suppresion of black people and the cold war it was always fundemental morals that were broken. morals were forgotten or swep aside and it always resulted in pain. in gattaca we see people throw away there morals, we see them judjing people of natural birth, trying to give there children as much advantage over others as posable, and we see how this effects them. a loss of motivation and ambition in thoses with ‘perfect’ genes and an absence of spirit. by imbeding all these messages about the past in his movie niccol is

mistakes made by previouse generations are how we learn, grow, and evolve. in gattaca we see the devistating effects of genetic selection. we see how it makes people more discrimitive and how if we were to employ it we would relive some of historys darkest moments,

so much of what the world is like today was shaped by history. without some of humanitys greatest embaresments and faliers the world could be a very different place. it is from theses events that we as a species evolve and luarn, so if we were to forget the lessons of the past we are in danger of repeating things that we would rather not relive. Gattaca, a 1997 film by andrew niccol, is set in the “not so distant future” where the value of a person is determined by the validity of there genetic code, there DNA. but strangly, the future seems to be the past, for everythin, from the style of clothing and hair, to the cars they drive, to the buildings they live in, are refrences to the early twentyeth centuyr. some may say that this is unintenanal but those who look closly know better. the reacurring theam of the past paired with the fact that gattaca is a dystopian film (meaning that it is trying to convay a warning) tells us that there is a greater meaning behind andrew niccols choices. after studying the film one can deduce that each visual trigger to the past is refering to an event in history, events that were crutial in the formation of the socity we live in today such as the idea of eugenics, the modernist era, the civil rights movement, and the space race. andrew niccol is giving us a warning, a warning that if we are to employ genetic selection on the general public some of these events will repeat themselves, and he is doing this by relating the world of Gattaca to the early twentieth centyry which causes his audeance to draw subcounsious links in there minds between genetic selectionin in gattaca to historical events that we would much rather forget
in the early 20th centyry there was an idea curculating in the sientific communty that was getting a lot of attention. this idea or pholosiphy said that since even the weakest amoung us could live to the age of reproduction, the natural process of evelution was being disrupted meaning that those in power sould take action in order to prevent unwanted genes being passed on. this idea was called eugeneics. the idea sterted out inesent enough but soon enough it was adopted by the newly formed natzi germany and was used to justify some of the most horrific war crimes in history. hitler and his men commited mass murder, ending the lives of hundreds of thousands of people who were deemed to have unwanted genetics. the people targeted included homosexuals, giptsys, people of dark skin, and most severly, the jews. in gattaca the socity uses genetic selection not all that different from eugenics, in fact the form of gentic selection used in the movie is often refered to as new eugenics. andrew niccol is despratly trying to form links between the world of gattaca and the use of eugenics in natzi germany for a coerlation beween theses two things is sure to make an impretion on any veiwer and warn them to ster clear of genetic selection. niccol does this by dressing the charecters in the very formal, very clean, double brested suits assosiated with that time and era. he also chose actors who displayed the text book “aryan” look. the aryan race is the master race, the race that is superior to all others, or at least it was in hitlers eyes. one of the aims of hitlers mass genicide was to purify gemanys population and to make all sure that all the people displayed aryan charicteristics. the perfect aryan person is often assosiated with blond hair, and blue eyes and althoght theses things were valued in an aryan they are not the main things that hitler looked for in his citezens. it was fair skin, chizled jaw lines, and strong chins that were what hitler was striving to. to enfisize the link to natzi germany niccole choses for the actors that played the main charicters to display theses tell tail charicteristics. the distinctive aryan look of the charicters who were suposed to have superior genetics causes the viewer to form visual connections to the way such people were raised above others in the past and the terrible out come this had.
after the second world war a feeling of hopelessness swept the world. this feeling materialised in sociaty through the modernist movement. modernisam was a way of being that followed the belife that everything should be feduced to its fundemental function and that anything that was not for a perpouse was unnessasery and should be removed. modernisam allowed the rebuild after the war to be faster for many builddings could be pre fabricated offsight and were simpil and had no extra bits just for look. this resulted in many buildings from the early twentyeth century being made of subsatnces like concreat and having exposed truses, no paint and so on. if one plays attention to the buildings in gattaca they will notice that all the buildings showen are modernist. the use of modernist arcatecture in gattaca renforces the 1940s feel of the movie and also draws attention to the way people in gattaca have been reduced to there fundimental function just like the buildings. just like the buildings, everything that makes the people individuals, everything that is unnessasery to there primary function, everything that makes them human, is taken away. this leaves us with people who lack emotion, warmth and ambition.
in early twenteth century america people of color were struggleing against supresing and discrimitive prejidices. the law said discrimination was iligal but that did not stop common people and politions alike from hosting racist views. black people were ristricted from working many jobs, entering certain buildings, useing ficilitys reserved for white people. the discrimination of black people was fuled by the belife of many white people that they were superior, that they had better genetics. in gattaca the discrimination faced by invalids is simaler to that of black people in america in the 1930s. just like the blacks invalads are resticted from jobs, kiked out of suposidly public places and treated like second class citezens all thanks to that fact that they are deemed to have insuperior DNA to the valads. the link between gattaca and the cival rights era is showen throug visuals like the style of clothing worn by invalids who are forced into cleaning jobs because there genetics wont allow them anything better and just like in the past, the discrimanation of invalads is against the law. the loose blue jumpsuits they wear have a distinctive resemblence to something you may see a black person wearing in the 1930s. anouther visual referance to cival rights is the black geneticist. at the start of the movie we see the protaginists perants visiting a geneticist who was engenereeing there second son. when listing the pysical charictristics of the unbore baby he says ‘fair skin’ in an ironic tone. the geniticists subtle smerk is enough to show us that niccol is intentualy trying to show his audeance the link between the discrimanation of blacks and the discrimination of invalads. he is warning people that genetic selection will cause the emergance of a new underclass of people who are concidered to be geneticly insuperior.
it is human nature to want to be better than your enemys but in the early twentieth centyry this persute of exellence was taken to the next level by the USA and the soviate union. in an effort to have the most nuclier weapons in order to accheive MAD (mutraly assured distruction) both countrys spent billions on developing such weapons. the cold war had devistating effects on the mental state af citezens who were always living in a state of fear, affraid of a seminly imminent nuclier war. anouther thing they fought over was space exploration. the moon was seen as a prize of sorts to the contestants and neither wanted the other to get there first. this compition was not nessesary in the well being of eather nation but was solely done with the perpose of being better. in gattaca we see a constant stream of rockets being sent up into space. we are no told why, or were they are going but they are a direct referance to the space race. by doing this niccol is compering the persute of exellence experianced by citezens of the gattaca sociaty to that of the space race. just like in the space race, the genetic selection in gattaca is not nessesary but is done in order for ones child to be better than the rest and to keep up. by doing this andrew niccol is causing his audeance to reminis of the cold war which was very unplesent.
some of the biggest lessons tought to us by history involve horrific violence. it is through violence and suffering that we learn. but what is it that we learn acctualy? not to be violent? not to do bad things? or is it something deeper. morals are the things that give our sociaty structure, that prevent everything from decending into maddness. in historys greatest lessons such as the holocost and eugenecs, the suppresion of black people and the cold war it was always fundemental morals that were broken. morals were forgotten or swep aside and it always resulted in pain. in gattaca we see people throw away there morals, we see them judjing people of natural birth, trying to give there children as much advantage over others as posable, and we see how this effects them. a loss of motivation and ambition in thoses with ‘perfect’ genes and an absence of spirit. by imbeding all these messages about the past in his movie niccol is
mistakes made by previouse generations are how we learn, grow, and evolve. in gattaca we see the devistating effects of genetic selection. we see how it makes people more discrimitive and how if we were to employ it we would relive some of historys darkest moments,

Join the conversation! 6 Comments

  1. Nice work Ava. Great ideas and thoughtful perspective. Very unique and highly imaginative spelling too!

    Reply
  2. Hi Ava, I’m going to break my feedback down by paragraph:

    Paragraph 1: I like it – but I’d encourage you to remove the part where it appears you’re trying to justify your interpretation – if you see it there, it’s there (we don’t care whether Niccol put it there). Does this make sense?

    Reply
  3. Paragraph 2: (Eugenics and the Aryan Master Race). The ideas here are good, (and we’re overlooking the mechanical errors at this stage) but the language you’re using is a little unsophisticated. You’re writing in almost a spoken register: “there was an idea circulating”. It has the ring of storytelling or ‘narrative’ about it. Since you’re writing analysis and not narrative, you’re better using more precise terms. “The idea of eugenics had gained traction in the scientific community and this was influencing medicine and politics”. This whole paragraph needs to be reviewed for this (I strongly suggest you have your writer/reader read this to you.

    Reply
  4. Paragraph 3: (Modernism). The advice from above applies somewhat. Also – at this point you make no reference to how modernism is represented in the film. This is not consistent with other paragraphs where you both establish the historical reference, and how it is represented in the film. You need to be consistent. One way or the other.

    Reply
  5. Paragraph 4: (Black civil rights) See previous comments.

    Reply
  6. Further Paragraphs: Your ideas are deep and sophisticated – however your expression of these ideas needs work:

    1. You must adhere to a clear structure. As your essay progresses, it becomes less and less possible to determine the way the ideas are organised – and it starts to feel directionless, even though the points you are making are good. REMEDY: First step is to give each of your paragraphs a heading (like I have above) so that you can identify how you want to organise your ideas for best effect.
    2. Eliminate repetition. Because your structure has collapsed, you’re starting to repeat your ideas. You must now aim to cull a lot from what you’ve written so your key conclusions reveal themselves as a conclusion to the reasoning you’ve offered prior to them:

    History -> Seen in “this visual feature” -> teaches us .

    1. Use more precise language and reserve your figurative expression for where it further</strong illuminates your idea. Speak to me if you don’t know what I mean by ‘figurative expression’.
  7. Aim to keep your word count below 1200. If it goes over this consider it a concern.

  8. Hope this helps. Remember this is also an experiment in using your reader/writer and I encourage you to see what it’s like if you ask them to read the comments on your work to you – and then read (ALL) of your work to you. It may be a revelation.

    Righto!

    CW

    Reply

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